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Platform Randomised trial of INterventions against COVID-19 In older peoPLE (PRINCIPLE): protocol for a randomised, controlled, open-label, adaptive platform, trial of community treatment of COVID-19 syndromic illness in people at higher risk

Jun 2021  
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Ivermectin for COVID-19
4th treatment shown to reduce risk in August 2020
 
*, now known with p < 0.00000000001 from 102 studies, recognized in 22 countries.
No treatment is 100% effective. Protocols combine complementary and synergistic treatments. * >10% efficacy in meta analysis with ≥3 clinical studies.
4,000+ studies for 60+ treatments. c19ivm.org
Protocol paper for the PRINCIPLE trial. For the colchicine arm see Dorward, for budesonide see Yu, and for ivermectin see Hayward.
Study covers ivermectin, budesonide, and colchicine.
Hayward et al., 18 Jun 2021, peer-reviewed, 26 authors, trial ISRCTN86534580.
This PaperIvermectinAll
Platform Randomised trial of INterventions against COVID-19 In older peoPLE (PRINCIPLE): protocol for a randomised, controlled, open-label, adaptive platform, trial of community treatment of COVID-19 syndromic illness in people at higher risk
Gail Hayward, Professor Christopher C Butler, Ly-Mee Yu, Benjamin R Saville, Nicholas Berry, Jienchi Dorward, Oghenekome Gbinigie, Oliver Van Hecke, Emma Ogburn, Hannah Swayze, Emily Bongard, Julie Allen, Sharon Tonner, Heather Rutter, Sarah Tonkin-Crine, Aleksandra Borek, David Judge, Jenna Grabey, Simon De Lusignan, Nicholas P B Thomas, Philip H Evans, Monique I Andersson, Martin Llewelyn, Mahendra Patel, Susan Hopkins, F D Richard Hobbs
BMJ Open, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046799
Introduction There is an urgent need to idenfy treatments for COVID-19 that reduce illness duration and hospital admission in those at higher risk of a longer illness course and complications. Methods and analysis The Platform Randomised trial of INterventions against COVID-19 In older peoPLE trial is an open-label, multiarm, prospective, adaptive platform, randomised clinical trial to evaluate potential treatments for COVID-19 in the community. A master protocol governs the addition of new interventions as they become available, as well as the inclusion and cessation of existing intervention arms via frequent interim analyses. The first three interventions are hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin and doxycycline. Eligible participants must be symptomatic in the community with possible or confirmed COVID-19 that started in the preceding 14 days and either (1) aged 65 years and over or (2) aged 50-64 years with comorbidities. Recruitment is through general practice, health service helplines, COVID-19 'hot hubs' and directly through the trial website. Participants are randomised to receive either usual care or a study drug plus usual care, and outcomes are collected via daily online symptom diary for 28 days from randomisation. The research team contacts participants and/or their study partner following days 7, 14 and 28 if the online diary is not completed. The trial has two coprimary endpoints: time to first self-report of feeling recovered from possible COVID-19 and hospital admission or death from possible COVID-19 infection, both within 28 days from randomisation. Prespecified interim analyses assess efficacy or futility of interventions and to modify randomisation probabilities that allocate more participants to interventions with better outcomes.
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